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Canadian Biospeleology Page

This page is intended to be a compedium of literature references related to biospeleology projects/research in Canada. Additions and corrections welcome and gratefully accepted.

Please contact the present page curator,

Contributors include: Max Moseley, Calum Ewing, Patrick Shaw, Bernard LeBreton, Karen Vanderwolf

Microbiology (Last addition 12 Jan 2016)

Ammirati, J., J. Traquair, S. Martin, W. Gillon and J. Ginns. 1979. A new Melanotus from gold mine timbers in Ontario. Mycologia 71(2): 310-321.

Cheeptham, Naowarat (Ann), Tara Sadoway, Devon Rule, Kent Watson, Paul Moote, Laiel C. Soliman, Nicholas Azad, Kingsley Donkor and Derrick Horne. 2013. Cure from the cave: volcanic cave actinomycetes and their potential in drug discovery. International Journal of Speleology 42: 35-47.

Griffiths, P. 1978. Collection, culture and identification of soil microfungi from Florence Lake cave near Victoria, B.C. Canadian Caver 10: 35-38.

Rule, Devon and Naowarat (Ann) Cheeptham. 2013. The effects of UV light on the antimicrobial activities of cave actinomycetes. International Journal of Speleology 42: 147-153.

Tsuneda, A., M.L. Davey, I. Tsuneda, A. Hudgins and R.S. Currah. 2011. Endophoma, a new didymellaceous endoconidial genus from bat cave soil. Mycologia 103(5): 1146-1155.

Invertebrates(Last additions 3 May 2012)

Angerilli, N. and R. Holmberg. 1986. Harvestmen of the twilight zone. The Canadian Caver 17: 6-9.

Anon, 1973. N.S.S.S. Biological Records. Part 1. Nova Scotia Speleological Society Newsletter No. 3. N.S. Museum, Halifax. pp. 9-11.

Anon, 1975. N.S.S.S. Biological Records. Number 2. Nova Scotia Speleological Society Newsletter No. 6. N.S. Museum, Halifax. pp. 8-11.

Beaupre, M. & and D.Caron. 1986. Découvrez le Québec souterrain. Québec Science Editeur. Presses de l'Université du Québec. ISBN 2-920073-11-7. 251 p. BL3404: Chapitre 15, La vie dans les caverne: 211-221. Chapitre 16, La faune des cavernes québécoises: 223-237.

Borkent, A. and D. Currie. 2001. Discovery of the female of Parasimulium (Astoneomyia) melanderi Stone (Diptera: Simuliidae) in a cave in British Columbia, with a discussion of its phylogenetic position. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 103(3): 546-553

Bousfield, E.L. and J.R. Holsinger. 1981. A second new subterranean amphipod crustacean of the genus Stygobromus(Crangonyctidae) from Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology 59: 1827-1830

Bowman, T. E. 1975. Three new troglobitic asellids from Western North America (Crustacea: Isopoda: Asellidae). International Journal of Speleology 7: 339-356. (includes description of Salmasellus steganothrix; a groundwater species that was found in stomachs of trout in Jasper National Park, Alberta.)

Breuss, W. 2009. A collection of spiders and harvestmen from two caves in Ontario and Newfoundland, Canada (Araneae, Opiliones). Contributions to Natural History 12:297-313

Calder, D. R. and J. S. Bleakney. 1965. Microarthropod ecology of a porcupine/inhabited cave in Nova Scotia. Ecology 46 (6): 895-899.

Calder, D. R. and J. S. Bleakney. 1967. Observations on Frenchman's Cave, Nova Scotia, and its fauna. National Speleological society Bulletin 29(1): 23-25.

Chauvin, J. 1988. Etude biospéléologique dans les cavernes du Québec. SousTerre Montréal 5(1): 6

Christiansen, K. A. 1966. The genus Arrhopalites (Collembola, Sminthuridae) in the United States and Canada. International Journal of Speleology 2: 43-73.

Clifford, H. F. and G. Bergstrom. 1976. The blind aquatic isopod Salmasellus from a cave spring of the Rocky Mountain's eastern slopes, with comments on a Wisconsin refugium. Canadian Journal of Zoology 54: 2028-2032. (Reports find of S. steganothrix in a cave-fed spring near Cadomin, Alberta.)

Fenton, M. B. 1965. Notes on the cave fauna of southeastern Ontario. Ontario Field Biologist 19: 18-21.

Fenton M. B., S. B. Peck and R. G. Syme. 1973. A biological survey of caves in and around Nahanni National Park, N.W.T., Canada. Canadian Caver 8: 35-42.

Halliday, W. R. and D. L. Dunnet. 1966. Reconnaisance of a new rain-forest karst area on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. Vancouver Island Speleological Survey Bulletin 2, Western Speleological Survey Serial 38. (Reprinted in 1966 Speleo Digest pp. 2-40 to 2-47.)

Holmberg, R. G., N.P.D. Angerili and L.J. LaCasse. 1984. Overwintering aggregations of Leiobunum paessleri in caves and mines (Arachnida, Opiliones). Journal of Arachnology 12: 195-204. (overwintering aggregations of harvestmen in caves and mines in British Columbia.)

Holsinger, J. R. 1967. Systematics, speciation and distribution of the subterranean amphipod genus Stygonectes (Gammaridae). Smithsonian Institution, Washington, United States National Museum, Bulletin 259: 176 p.

Holsinger, J. R. 1978. Systematics of the subterranean amphipod genus Stygobromus (Gammaridae: Crangonyctidae). Part II: Species of the eastern United States. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 266, 144 p., 77 fig.

Holsinger, J. R. 1980. Stygobromus canadensis, a new subterranean amphipod crustacean (Crangonyctidae)from Canada, with remarks on Wisconsin refugia. Canadian Journal of Zoology 58(2): 290-297.

Holsinger J. R. 1981. Stygobromus canadensis, a troglobitic amphipod crustacean from Castleguard Cave, with remarks on the concept of cave glacial refugia. Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Speleology, A Meeting of the International Union of Speleology, Sponsored by the National Speleological Society, Hosted by the Department of Geography and Geology, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky, U. S. A.,

Holsinger, J. R., Mort. J. S. and A.D. Recklies. 1983. The subterranean crustacean fauna of Castleguard Cave, Columbia Icefields, Alberta, Canada and its zoogeographical significance. Arctic and Alpine Research 15: 543-549.

Holsinger, J R. and D.P. Shaw. 1986. A new stygobiont amphipod crustacean (Crangonyctidae, Stygobromus) from glaciated karst on Vancouver Island, Canada. Communications of the 9th International Congress of Speleology, Barcelona, Spain, August 1986. 2:98-101

Holsinger, J.R. and D.P. Shaw. 1987. Stygobromus quastinensis, a new amphipod crustacean (Crangonyctidae) from caves on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, with remarks on zoogeographic relationships. Canadian Journal of Zoology 65:2202-2209

Holsinger, J.R., K.R. Carlson and D.P. Shaw. 1997. Biogeographic significance of recently discovered amphipod crustaceans (Stygobromus) in caves of southeastern Alaska and Vancouver Island. Proceedings of the International Congress of Speleology, August 1997.

Jones, J. 1998 Occurence and abundance of chiggers (Acari: Trombiculidae) on bats (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) in Eastern Ontario. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 112: 230-233

Juberthie, C. & Decu, V. 1994. Encyclopaedia Biospeologica I. Ed., Société de Biospéologie, ISSN 0398-7973. Voir Peck, S. B., Canada: 381-388, en anglais, 3 fig. dont 2 cartes, 1 tab., 56 ref.

Krejca, J. 2003. Biology of caves on Coronation Island, Alaska. NSS News 61(4): 91

MacAlpine, D. F. and J. W. Reynolds. 1977. Terrestrial oligochaeta of some New Brunswick Caves with remarks on their ecology. Canadian Field-Naturalist 91: 360-366.

MacAlpine, D. F. 1979. Preliminary investigations on the solution caves of New Brunswick. Journal of the New Brunswick Museum 1979: 99-107.

Majka, C. J., M. Moseley and J. Klimaszewski (in press). Gennadota canadensis (Casey) (Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae): new records, a range extension, and bionomic notes. The Coleopterists Bulletin.

Majka CG, and L Brown. 2010. Quedius spelaeus Horn, a troglophilic beetle discovered in New Brunswick, Canada. Journal of the Acadian Entomological Society 6: 44-47.

Marusik, Y. M. and S. Kaponen. 1992. A review of Meta (Araneae, Tetragnathidae) with description of two new species. The Journal of Arachnology 20. pp. 137-143.

McKillop, W.B. 1993. Scoliopterix libatrix (Noctuidae) and Triphosa haesitata in caves in Manitoba. Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society 47: 106-113

Mort, J. S. and A. D. Recklies. 1980. The biology of Castleguard Cave. Canadian Caver 12: 7-9. (Brief report of finds of troglobitic crustacea, formally reported in Bowman 1975 and Holsinger 1980)

Mort, J. S. & and A. Recklies. 1981. The fauna of Castleguard Cave. Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Speleology, A Meeting of the International Union of Speleology, Sponsored by the National Speleological Society, Hosted by the Department of Geography and Geology, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky, U. S. A., July 18 to 24, 1981, Edited by Barry F. Beck, Department of Geology, Georgia Southwestern College.

Moseley, C. M. 1973. Ceuthophilus guttulosus in the Honeycombs. Nova Scotia Speleological Society Newsletter No. 1. N.S. Museum, Halifax. p. 5.

Moseley, M. 1998. The invertebrate fauna of Nova Scotia caves. Curatorial Report, NS Museum of Natural History, Halifax NS. 37 pp.

Moseley, M. and A. Hebda. 2001. Overwintering Leiobunum elegans (Opiliones: Phalangiidae) in caves and mines in Nova Scotia. Proc. Nova Scotia Institute of Science 41(4): 216-218.

Moseley, M. (in press, 2006). Records of Bats (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) in Caves and Mines in Nova Scotia . Curatorial Report, Nova Scotia Museum, Halifax , Canada

Moseley, M. Klimaszewski, J. and C.G. Majka. 2006. Observations on the distribution, ecology and life history of Quedius spelaeus spelaeus Horn, 1871 (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) in Nova Scotia, Canada. Zootaxa 1226: 61-68. full text PDF

Moseley, M. 2007. Acadian biospeleology: composition and ecology of cave fauna of Nova Scotia and southern New Brunswick, Canada. International Journal of Speleology 36(1): 1-21. full text

Moseley, M., M. Smith, H. Broders and L. Burns. 2015. Biology of Wisqoq Cave, a raccoon-inhabited cave in Nova Scotia. Speleogiology Notes 5:66-73

Murray, V. 1970. A study of overwintering in the moths Triphosa haesitata and Scoliopteryx libatrix in caves and mines in Ontario and adjacent Quebec. B.Sc. Honours Project, Department of Biology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario.

Peck, S.B. and D.R. Russell. 1976. Life history of the fungus gnat Macrocera nobilis in American caves (Diptera: Mycetophilidae). The Canadian Entomologist, 108: 1235-1241.

Peck, S. B & and M.B. Fenton. 1977. The fauna of Canadian caves. L'Union Internationale de Spéléologie. La Spéléologie Internationale, 1973. Actes du VIe Congrès International de spéléologie, Olomouc, CSSR, Comité d'organisation du VIe Congrès international de spéléologie Academia Praha, édité par le Dr Vladimir Panos CSSR, tome V (communications de la section biologie et paléontologie karstiques), sous-section Db (zoologie karstique), Db 026: 195-200, abs., 1 fig. (carte de répartition), 16 réf.

Peck, S(tewart) B. 1988. A review of the cave fauna of Canada, and the composition and ecology of the invertebrate fauna of caves and mines in Ontario. Canadian Journal of Zoology 66: 1197-1213.

Peck, S. B. and M. B. Fenton, 1973. The fauna of Canadian caves. The Canadian Caver, 5(2): 18-23.

Peck, S. B. 1994. Canada. In Juberthie ,C. & Decu, V., 1994, éd., Société de Biospéologie, ISSN 0398-7973, Encyclopaedia Biospeologica I: 381-388, en anglais, 3 fig. dont 2 cartes, 1 tab., 56 réf.

Peck, S. B. & and K. A. Christiansen. 1990. Evolution and zoogeography of the invertebrate cave faunas of the Driftless Area of the Upper Mississippi River Valley of Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Illinois, U. S. A. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68: 73-88

Peck, S. B. 1998 A summary of the diversity and distribution of the obligate cave-inhabiting faunas of the United States and Canada. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 60:18-26

Peck, S. B. and D.P. Shaw. 2006. Canada. In Juberthie,C. & Decu, V., 2006, éd., Sociétéde Biospéologie, Encyclopaedia Biospeologica IA, Second Edition (In Press)

Pugsley, C. W. 1983. The fauna of Castleguard Cave. NSS Meeting 1983, in NSS Bull. 45: only abs.

Roeder, K. D. and M. B. Fenton, 1973. Acoustic responsiveness of Scoliopterix libatrix L. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), a moth that shares hibernaculae with some insectivorous bats. Canadian Journal of Zoology 51: 681-685

Roth, J. 2001. Roth's cave data. Database of species occurrences in caves in Canada and US, October 2001. availability uncertain

Samson, P. 1993. Souris, tu m'inquiètes. Sous terre, Montréal, 9(2): 5-8

Safford, K. 2006. Aquatic crustacean abundance and distribution in selected portions of Castleguard Cave. The Canadian Caver 64:34-38

Ševčíka, J., J. Kjæandsen and S.A. Marshall. 2012. Revision of Speolepta (Diptera: Mycetophilidae), with descriptions of new Nearctic and Oriental species. The Canadian Entomologist 144:93-107.

Shaw, D.P. 1986. Horne Lake Caves biosurvey. Contract report to B.C. Ministry of Lands and Parks, Southern Region, Vancouver, B.C.

Shaw, D.P. and M. Davis. 1998 (draft). Survey of biota of selected caves on Vancouver Island, B.C. Contract report to BC Environment, Conservation Data Centre, Victoria by Island Karst Research, Victoria.

Shaw, D.P. and M. Davis. 2000. Invertebrates from caves on Vancouver Island. pp.121-124 IN: Darling, L. (ed) Proceedings of a conference on the biology and management of species and habitats at risk, Kamloops, BC 15-19 Feb 1999. B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, B.C. and University College of the Cariboo, Kamloops, B.C. 490pp. full text

Shear, W.A. 2004. Two new species in the milliped genus Taiyutla from British Columbia, Canada and Washington, USA (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Conotylidae). Myriapodologica 8(2):13-20

Shelley, R.M., M.F. Medrano, W.A. Shear, K. Ovaska, K.J. White, and E.I. Havard. 2009. Distribution extensions of the milliped families Conotylidae and Rhiscosomididae (Diplopoda: Chordeumatida) into northern coastal British Columbia and Southern Alaska. Insecta Mundi 0071: 1-6 Full Text

Shemanchuk, J. A. 1965. On the hibernation of Culex tarsalis Coquillett, Culiseta inornata Williston, and Anopheles earlei Vargas (Diptera: Culicidae) in Alberta. Mosquito News 25: 456-462

Vockeroth, J. R. 1976. The species of the Macrocera nobilis group in the Holarctic Region (Diptera: Mycetophilidae). The Canadian Entomologist, 108: 1229-1233.

Wang, D. and J.R. Holsinger. 2001. Systematics of the subterranean amphipod genus Stygobromus (Crangonyctidae) in western North America, with emphasis on the hubbsi group. Amphipacifica 3(2):39-147

Weber, J. N. 1960. Ontario underground. Canadian Geographical Journal 61: 42-51

Werner, T. K. 1981. Responses of nonflying moths to ultrasound: the threat of gleaning bats. Canadian Journal of Zoology 59: 525-529.

Wright, B., 1985. Cave Fauna In: Morris, Linda (Ed.) The Hayes Cave site, South Maitland, Nova Scotia. Curatorial Report Number 50. Nova Scotia Museum, Halifax. 128 pp.

Zacharda, M. 1997. New taxa of Rhagiidae (Acari: Prostigmata) from North America. Part V. Genus Robustocheles Zacharada, with a key to world species of the genus. Journal of Natural History 31:1075-1103

Zacharda, M. and C. W. Pugsley. 1988. Robustocheles occulta sp. n., a new troglobite mite (Acari: Prostigmata: Rhagidiidae) from North American caves. Canadian Journal of Zoology 66: 646-650

Vertebrates including Chiroptera.(Last update 11 Jan 2016)

Altig, R. & Ireland, P. H. 1984. A key to Salamander larvae and larviform adults of the United States and Canada. Herpetologia 40: 212-218.

Bateman, R. M. 1961. Mammal occurrences in escarpment caves. Ontario Field Biologist 15: 16-18.

Burns L.E., T.R. Frasier, and H.G. Broders. 2014. Genetic connectivity among swarming sites in the wide ranging and recently declining little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus). Ecology and Evolution doi: 10.1002/ece3.1266

Churcher, C. S. & Fenton, M. B. 1968. Vertebrate remains from the Dickson Limestone quarry, Halton County, Ontario, Canada. N. S. S. Bulletin 30: 11-16.

Chruszcz, B.J.and R.M.R. Barclay. 2003. Prolonged foraging bouts of a solitary gleaning/hawking bat, Myotis evotis Canadian Journal of Zoology 81(5): 823-826.

Czenze, Z.C. and C.K.R. Willis. 2015. Warming up and shipping out: Cues for arousal and emergence in hibernating little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus). Journal of Comparative Physiology B. 185:575-586.

Davis, M., Chatwin, T. & and D. Nagorsen 1997. Bat usage of the Weymer Creek Cave Systems on Northern Vancouver island. 13th National Cave Management Symposium, Highlighting Forest Karst Ecosystems, October 7-10, 1997, Bellingham, Washington, U. S. A.

Davis, M.D., A.D.Vanderberg, Chatwin, T.A. & and M.H. Mather. 2000. Bat usage of the Weymer Creek cave systems on Northern Vancouver Island. pp.305-312 IN: Darling, L. (ed) Proceedings of a conference on the biology and management of species and habitats at risk, Kamloops, BC 15-19 Feb 1999. B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, B.C. and University College of the Cariboo, Kamloops, B.C. 490pp.

Davy CM, Martinez-Nunez, F., C.K.R. Willis and S.V. Good. 2015. Implications of spatial genetic structure among winter aggregations of bats along the leading edge of a rapidly spreading pathogen. Conservation Genetics 16:1013-1024.

Dubois, J.E. and K.M. Monson. 2003. Recent distribution of the little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus) in Manitoba and northwestern Ontario. Canadian Caver 60:12-17.

Fenton, M. B. 1969. Summer activity of Myotis lucifugus (Chiroptera,Vespertilionidae) at hibernacula in Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Journal of Zoology 47:597-602.

Fenton, M. B. 1970. Population studies of Myotis lucifugus (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) in Ontario. Roy. Ontario Mus. Life Sci. Contrib. n° 77: 34 pp.

Fenton, M. B. 1972. Distribution and wintering of Myotis leibii and Eptesicus fuscus (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) in Ontario. Roy. Ontario Mus. Life Sci., Occas. Pap. n° 21: 8 pp.

Hitchcock, H. B. 1949. Hibernation of bats in southeastern Ontario and adjacent Quebec. Canadian Field Naturalist 63:47-59.

Hitchcock, H. B. 1965. Twenty-three years of bat banding in Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Field Naturalist 79:4-14.

Jonasson K.A. and C.K.R. Willis. 2011. Changes in body condition of hibernating bats support the thrifty female hypothesis and predict consequences for populations with white-nose syndrome. PLoS One 6: 1-8.

Lausen, C.L. and R.M.R. Barclay. 2002. Roosting behaviour and roost selection of female big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) roosting in rock crevices in southeastern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Zoology 80(6): 1069-1076.

Luszcz, T.M.J. and R.M.R. Barclay. 2016. Influence of forest composition and age on habitat use by bats in southwestern British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Zoology 94(2): 145-153

McAlpine, D.F. 1977. Notes on cave utilization by beaver. The NSS Bulletin 39, 3. pp. 90-91.

McAlpine D.F. 1983. Status and conservation of solution caves in New Brunswick. New Brunswick Museum Publications in Natural Science No. 1, 28 pp.

McAlpine, D. F., K. J. Vanderwolf, G.J. Forbes, and D. Malloch. 2011. Consumption of bats (Myotis sp) by raccoons (Procyon lotor) during an outbreak of white-nose syndrome in New Brunswick: implications for bat mortality estimates. Canadian Field-Naturalist 125: 157-160.

Nagorsen, D.W., G. Keddie and R. Hebda. 1995. Early Holocene black bears, Ursus americanus, from Vancouver Island. Canadian Field Naturalist 109:11-18.

Nagorsen, D. W. and R. M. Brigham. 1993. The bats of British Columbia. Royal British Columbia Museum Handbook. University of British Columbia Press, 164 pp.

Nagorsen, D. W. 1995. Cave bones: clues to the history of the Vancouver Island marmot. Discovery, Friends of the Royal British Columbia Museum 23(5):1-2.

Nagorsen, D. W., G. Keddie and T. Luszcz. 1996. Vancouver Island marmot bones in subalpine caves: archaeological and biological implications. Occasional Paper No. 4, Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks; BC Parks, Victoria. 56 pp.

Nagorsen, D. W. and G. Keddie. 2000. Late Pleistocene mountain goats (Oreamnos americanus) from Vancouver Island: biogeographic implications. Journal of Mammalogy 81(3): 666-675.

Nelson, J. S. and M.J. Paetz. 1974. Evidence for underground movement of fishes in Wood Buffalo National Park, Canada, with notes on recent collections made in the Park. The Canadian Field Naturalist 88: 157-162.

Norquay, K.J.O. and C.K.R. Willis. 2014. Hibernation phenology of Myotis lucifugus. Journal of Zoology (London). 294:85-92.

Olson, C. R., D. P. Hobson and M. J. Pybus. 2011. Changes in population size of bats at a hibernaculum In Alberta, Canada, in relation to cave disturbance and access restrictions. Northwestern Naturalist 92:224-230.

Randall J and HG Broders. 2014. Identification and characterization of swarming sites used by bats in Nova Scotia, Canada. Acta Chiroptera 16(1): 109-116.

Reddy, E. and M.B. Fenton. 2003. Exploiting vulnerable prey: moths and red bats (Lasiurus borealis; Vespertilionidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 81(9): 1553-1560.

Reimer J.P., Lausen C.L., Barclay R.M.R., Irwin S. and M.K. Vassel. 2014. Bat activity and use of hibernacula in Wood Buffalo National Park, Alberta. Northwestern Naturalist 95:277-288.

Thomas, D. W., Fenton, M. B. and R. M. R. Barclay. 1979. Social behavior of the little brown bat, Myotis lucifugus. I. Mating behavior. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 6: 129-136.

Vanderwolf, K.J., D.F. McAlpine, G.J. Forbes and D. Malloch. 2012. Winter bat populations and cave microclimate prior to and at the onset of white-nose syndrome in New Brunswick. Canadian Field-Naturalist 126 (2): 125-134.

Vanderwolf, K.J., D.F. McAlpine, D. Malloch and. G.J. Forbes. 2013. Ectomycota associated with hibernating cave bats in eastern Canada prior to the emergence of white-nose syndrome. Northeastern Naturalist 20(1):115-130.

Vanderwolf K.J., D. Malloch, DF McAlpine. 2015. Fungi associated with over-wintering Tricolored bats, Perimyotis subflavus, in a white-nose syndrome region of Eastern Canada. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 77(3): 145-151.

Vanderwolf, K.J., D. Malloch, D.F. McAlpine. 2016. Fungi on white-nose infected bats (Myotis spp.) in Eastern Canada show no decline in diversity associated with Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Ascomycota: Pseudeurotiaceae). International Journal of Speleology 45(1): 43-50.

Wilcox, A., L.T. Warnecke, J.M. Turner, L.P. McGuire, J.W. Jameson, V. Misra, T.C. Bollinger and C.K.R. Willis. 2014. Behaviour of hibernating little brown bats experimentally inoculated with the pathogen that causes white-nose syndrome. Animal Behaviour 88:157-164.

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Last Updated 3 May 2012.